Located on the Path of Peace on Mount Brione near the transmission antennas, it was built between 1898 and 1900. A mountain fort or Gebirgsforts (third generation): a fort built on the hills when the roadblock forts became no longer sufficient to control the territory.
Part of the building is in squared stone, including a number of large pieces of granite, while the covering is in concrete. It could host around 100-150 men.
In 1915 it was endowed with a long and very spacious tunnel which led to lookout posts along the sheer rock face of Mount Brione. The fort was used to control the area of Nago and the mouth of the river Sarca.
The fortification line of the Upper Garda area
The fortification buildings around Riva del Garda include the Tagliata del Ponale, Bellavista Fort, the battery on the shore, the San Nicolò Fort, the Garda Fort, the Midway Battery, the Sant’Alessandro Fort, two mortar batteries on Mount Brione, the Tombio Fort and the two Forts at Nago.
On the Italian side, there is no permanent fortification edifice along the border, given that the front was rather far from the starting point, and thus is was believed sufficient to exercise direct control of Mount Baldo, along with the support of two large naval cannons installed at Malcesine and Limone to keep the Austrian line under pressure.
Outline of the Itinerary
From the San Nicolò Fort, we make our way up along the Sentiero della Pace (the ‘Path of Peace’) which, following the ridge of Mount Brione, first leads us to Fort Garda and then to the Midway Battery.
On reaching the Midway Battery, we take the path through the forest which, at the first bend we encounter as we go downhill, brings us to a track which leading to the asphalted road of Mount Brione (no car access). Carrying on along this road, we come to a footpath on the right which leads slightly uphill to the Fort of Sant’Alessandro. Keeping to the Path of Peace, we come to the esplanade that housed the gunpowder kegs. From here, we take the asphalted road once more right down to the starting point near the port of San Nicolò.
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