2. Miralago Complex
From the gate on the lakeshore we enter the Miralago complex, former Sanatorium von Hartungen, surrounded by a park where one can find rare trees such as the cork oak, a powerful persimmon, very old mulberry trees that were probably already present when Von Hartungen had the park created, the magnolia grandiflora, the araucaria, the dwarf palm.
Inside the 20,000 square meters area, most of it a park, the Sanatorium was built by Von Hartungen between 1895 and 1907. It consisted of two villas in masonry, as well as up to twenty "air huts", small wooden bungalows with large glass-less windows and open doors, outfitted for two people, located roughly where the fence to the lakeside is today. The winds of lake Garda would keep these naturally ventilated, especially the powerful afternoon wind, the Ora.
At the Sanatorium treatments of various kinds were practiced, following the most advanced hygienistic methods based on the principle that one did not cure the disease, but prevent its onset: great importance was given to "Terrainkuren", treatment programs based on systematic use of physical activity (thus, the large park area for long walks), to diets, to a correct relationship with the natural elements, and finally water healing treatments.